Konya, City In Turkey
Konya (Turkish pronunciation: [ˈkoɲ.ja]), historically known as Iconium (Greek: Ἰκόνιον), is a major city in south-central Turkey, on the south-western edge of the Central Anatolian Plateau. As of 2021, the population of the Metropolitan Province was 2,277,017. Of this, 1,390,051 lived in the built-up (or metro) area, consisting of three urban districts, making it the seventh-most populous city in Turkey. Konya is a large and industrially developed city and the capital of Konya Province. The Konya region has been inhabited since the third millennium BC and was ruled by various civilizations such as Hittite, Phrygian, Classical Greek, Persian, Hellenistic and Roman ones. Konya was known as Iconium during classical antiquity. In the 11th century the Seljuk Turks conquered the area and began ruling over its Rûm (Byzantine) inhabitants making Konya the capital of their new Sultanate of Rum. Under the Seljuks, the city reached the height of its wealth and influence. Following the demise of Rum, Konya came under the rule of the Karamanids, before being taken over by the Ottoman Empire in the 15th century. After the Turkish War of Independence the city became part of the modern Republic of Turkey.